The Pea Ridge Campaign


This page indexes articles in The Immigrants’ Civil War series on the 1862 Pea Ridge Campaign culminating in the decisive battle in the struggle for Missouri.

1. Missouri’s German Unionists: From Defeat to Uncertain Victory – The political and military situation in Missouri from the Union defeat at the Battle of Wilson’s Creek in 1861 to the organization of the Pea Ridge campaign in January, 1862.

2. Missouri Germans Contest Leadership of Unionist Cause – Franz Sigel was a leader of the German community in St. Louis. When he was passed over for promotion, immigrants rallied to his support.

3. German Leader Franz Sigel’s Victory Earns a Powerful Enemy – Sigel was promoted, but he alienated one of the most powerful men in the army.

4. Immigrant Unionists Marching Towards Pea Ridge – The campaign to expel the Confederates from Missouri began in February 1862.

5. German Immigrants at the Battle of Pea Ridge: Opening Moves – Franz Sigel’s rearguard action opened the fighting.

6. Pea Ridge: The German Unionists Outflanked – Sigel on the edge of disaster.

7. German Immigrants at the Battle of Pea Ridge – Sigel’s Greatest Triumph.

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Patrick Young blogs daily for Long Island Wins. He is the Downstate Advocacy Director of the New York Immigration Coalition and Special Professor of Immigration Law at Hofstra School of Law. He served as the Director of Legal Services and Program at Central American Refugee Center (CARECEN) for three decades before retiring in 2019. Pat is also a student of immigration history and the author of The Immigrants' Civil War.