The Civil War in the Southwest


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New Mexico, Arizona, and California had only been part of the United States for a dozen years when the Civil War began. The large Latino populations of the vast region had to choose sides when the Confederate army invaded.

1. 1848: The Year that Created Immigrant America – Revolutions in Europe, famine and oppression in Ireland, and the end of the Mexican War made 1848 a key year in American immigration history.

2. The Confederates Move Against Latino New Mexico– The 1862 invasion by a Texas army.

3. Nuevomexicanos Rally As Confederates Move Towards Santa Fe—But For Which Side?-Latinos in New Mexico were caught in a war that was not of their own design.

4. The Confederate Army in New Mexico Strikes at Valverde -Latino regiments fought along the banks of the Rio Grande.

5. The Confederates Capture Santa Fe and Plot Extermination
-Glorieta Pass and Confederate policy towards non-white peoples of the Southwest.

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