The Immigrants’ Civil War: Gettysburg

This page lists all articles in The Immigrants’ Civil War about the Gettysburg Campaign. 1. An Irish Soldier Between Chancellorsville and Gettysburg 2. Lee’s Army Moves...

Historian Compares Resistance to ICE Raids with Resistance to Fugitive Slave Act

Kate Masur, associate professor of history at Northwestern University, is one of our country's leading historians of the Civil War and Reconstruction Eras. She...

Women of Troy (N.Y.): The Teenaged Irish Immigrants Who Started the First Permanent Women’s...

Suffragist Susan B. Anthony recalled the Collar Laundry Union of Troy, New York as “the best organized” union of women workers that “I ever...
civil-war

Women in the Immigrants’ Civil War

All the articles discussing women. 1. Immigrant America on the Eve of the Civil War   - Take a swing around the United States and...

Irish Immigrant Henry Sweeney and the Ku Klux Klan in Texas in 1868

Henry Sweeney had a successful stint as head of the Freedmen’s Bureau at Helena, Arkansas in the first two years of Reconstruction. The Irish-born...

When Black Soldiers and Immigrant Officers Built a School for the Orphans of Slavery

In 1866, Irish immigrant Henry Sweeney was a man who had to constantly balance the interests of tens of thousands of white and black...

Irish Immigrant Henry Sweeney in the First Year of Reconstruction as Freedmen’s Bureau Agent

When Irish immigrant Henry Sweeney became the first head of the Freedmen’s Bureau in Helena, Arkansas, he was already a respected officer in the...

Irish Captain Henry Sweeney Takes Command of a Company of Iowa African Americans

When Irish immigrant Henry Sweeney finally received his long-sought-after promotion to the rank of captain in 1863, it was to command Black troops from...