The Civil War in the Southwest


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New Mexico, Arizona, and California had only been part of the United States for a dozen years when the Civil War began. The large Latino populations of the vast region had to choose sides when the Confederate army invaded.

1. 1848: The Year that Created Immigrant America – Revolutions in Europe, famine and oppression in Ireland, and the end of the Mexican War made 1848 a key year in American immigration history.

2. The Confederates Move Against Latino New Mexico– The 1862 invasion by a Texas army.

3. Nuevomexicanos Rally As Confederates Move Towards Santa Fe—But For Which Side?-Latinos in New Mexico were caught in a war that was not of their own design.

4. The Confederate Army in New Mexico Strikes at Valverde -Latino regiments fought along the banks of the Rio Grande.

5. The Confederates Capture Santa Fe and Plot Extermination
-Glorieta Pass and Confederate policy towards non-white peoples of the Southwest.

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Patrick Young blogs daily for Long Island Wins. He is the Downstate Advocacy Director of the New York Immigration Coalition and Special Professor of Immigration Law at Hofstra School of Law. He served as the Director of Legal Services and Program at Central American Refugee Center (CARECEN) for three decades before retiring in 2019. Pat is also a student of immigration history and the author of The Immigrants' Civil War.

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