Black Immigrants: Where They Are From & Where They Live


A new report from NYU’s Law School looks at black immigrants in the United States. One-in-ten blacks in the United States are immigrants. Nearly 9% of all immigrants in the U.S. are black. About half of all black immigrants are from the Caribbean. 18% of all black immigrants are from Jamaica and 16% are from Haiti. The fastest growing group of black immigrants consists of those born in Africa.

This chart shows the incredible diversity of foreign-born blacks in the United States:


If black immigrants come from four different continents, they tend to live in concentrated areas once they arrive here. According to the report:

Geographic dispersion in the U.S. The geographic dispersion of Black immigrants is highly concentrated. New York State is home to 846,730 (23%) Black immigrants, making it the top state of residence. Florida has the second largest foreign-born Black population (18%), followed by Texas (6%) and Maryland (6%).17 Some Black immigrant communities tend to cluster together around certain metropolitan areas. For example, according to the Pew study of 2013 ACS data, New York City is home to nearly 40% of all foreign-born black Jamaicans in the U.S.; Miami has the nation’s largest Haitian immigrant community; Washington D.C. has the largest Ethiopian immigrant community; and Somalian immigrants concentrate in metropolitan areas of Minnesota and Wisconsin.


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Patrick Young blogs daily for Long Island Wins. He is the Downstate Advocacy Director of the New York Immigration Coalition and Special Professor of Immigration Law at Hofstra School of Law. He served as the Director of Legal Services and Program at Central American Refugee Center (CARECEN) for three decades before retiring in 2019. Pat is also a student of immigration history and the author of The Immigrants' Civil War.

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